Military security is often synonymous with national defense, and it refers to the protection of a people, institutions, and economy of a country. This is regarded as the primary duty of any government. Traditionally military security was majorly about protection against outside military attacks. This perspective has changed over the years. Military security includes other non-military dimensions such as terrorism threats,reduction of crime, economic security, energy security, environmental security, and, more recently, cyber-security. The country is constantly facing violent as well as non-violent threats such as narcotic cartels,non-state actors, and actions of other multinational corporations.
The government relies on various military security techniques such as military power, political approaches, economic techniques, and diplomacy to safeguard the welfare of its people. The military security is also involved in the initiation of conditions which are intended to restore peace and protect life and property regionally and internationally. This reduces the transnational causes of insecurity like economic inequality, climate change, political exclusion as well as nuclear proliferation. A nation is said to be secure when its legitimate interests are safeguarded and if they can protect those interests sufficiently through war if they are challenged.
The country is said to be secure if there are no threats to national values and when the people have no fear that such legitimate values and interests will be attacked. Military security is there to preserve the country’s physical integrity and territory. They are also responsible for maintaining the nation’s economic interests by relating to the rest of the world on nationally acceptable and reasonable terms. This goes a long way in preserving its nature, governance, and institution.
Military security is there to protect the country from possible causes of national threats and insecurity, which could be a military or cyber attack. There are also non-state actors such as terrorists and organized criminal organizations and narcotic cartels. Military security is also responsible for protecting the country from the effects of natural disasters such as earthquakes and flooding. Many countries prioritize the coercive military power, while some others prefer to develop non-military action to handle their various systemic insecurity drivers. In the past military security operated mainly from the land and sea, but things are fast-changing, and we now have air, cyberspace, space as well as military psychological operations. The military techniques and operations are utilized for protection of the country’s borders as well as for offensive purposes.
Typically military security is about managing physical threats with the capacity to do so. For a country to be considered secure, it should have the ability to mobilize the existing military forces in a way that guarantees the defense of its borders. If there is a security onslaught, it should successfully defend it. Some countries are majorly concerned with mainly protecting their borders while others such as the United States go beyond their nation’s borders to sustain military operations in foreign countries. Military security can be influenced by the prevailing political environment and the stability of the country’s social order. Political security is dependent on international law, which includes the laws of war, diplomacy, and organized negotiations between warring nations.